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Japalura :

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Japalura is a genus of lizards in the family Agamidae. Species of Japalura are native to Pakistan, India, Myanmar, China, Vietnam, Taiwan, and Japan. China has the most species,[1] including many endemics.[2]

Scientific classification :









Gray, 1853


Japalura polygonata

Species :


The following 28 species are recognized as being valid.[1][2][3]

  • Japalura andersoniana Annandale, 1905

  • Japalura batangensis Li et al., 2001

  • Japalura brevicauda Manthey, Denzer, Hou & Wang, 2012

  • Japalura brevipes Gressitt, 1936

  • Japalura chapaensis Bourret, 1937

  • Japalura dasi (Shah & Kästle, 2002)

  • Japalura dymondi (Boulenger, 1906)

  • Japalura fasciata Mertens, 1926

  • Japalura flaviceps Barbour & Dunn, 1919

  • Japalura grahami (Stejneger, 1924)

  • Japalura hamptoni M.A. Smith, 1935

  • Japalura kaulbacki M.A. Smith, 1937 = Pseudocalotes kingdonwardi

  • Japalura kumaonensis (Annandale, 1907)

  • Japalura luei Ota, Chen & Shang, 1998

  • Japalura major (Jerdon, 1870)

  • Japalura makii Ota, 1989

  • Japalura micangshanensis Song, 1987

  • Japalura otai Mahony, 2009[2]

  • Japalura planidorsata Jerdon, 1870

  • Japalura polygonata (Hallowell, 1861)

  • Japalura sagittifera M.A. Smith, 1940

  • Japalura splendida Barbour & Dunn, 1919

  • Japalura swinhonis Günther, 1864

  • Japalura tricarinata (Blyth, 1853)

  • Japalura varcoae (Boulenger, 1918)

  • Japalura variegata Gray, 1853

  • Japalura yulongensis Manthey, Denzer, Hou & Wang, 2012

  • Japalura yunnanensis Anderson, 1878

  • Japalura zhaoermii Goa & Hou, 2002

For the external links , refrences  click here to read the full wikipedia article 

Japalura swinhonis

Video : 

Lizards of Taiwan - Japalura swinhonis 01

Care Articles ( General for all species .. ) :


Japalura Lizards 


courtesy to :

Melissa Kaplan, 2002

There are some twenty species of lizards in the genus Japalura. One of the general common names for this agamid genus is mountain lizard.


Native to the montane rainforests, these species' range from the Indo-Australian archipelago, up through Indo-China, Japan, China, and the Himalayas.



Looking much like hatchling green iguanas, these lizards range in size from 6-16 inches (15-40 cm). Their bodies are slightly compressed laterally, with their tails about twice the length of their body. A low crest runs along their back from their head down their tail. The scales of the back are large, shingled (overlapped) and keeled (prominent center ridge); their belly scales are also keeled. In color they range from brown to green.


Habit and Habitat

These terrestrial lizards do some climbing on rocks and in low woody vegetation. Primarily carnivorous, they eat insects, while larger lizards may take pink mice. Coming as they do from the montane rainforests, they require a humid habitat and water for drinking. Not much else is known about these oviparous lizards.


Set them up in a terrestrial enclosure with some branches or cut logs and/or rocks for them to climb on for basking. Temperature requirements are ill-defined as "room temperature". Keep them as one would other montane agamid species such as the toad-headed agama or the tree or mountain dragons.




J. tricarinata. Cloud-forest agama. Native to the Himalayas, to 9800 feet (3000m), these lizards are about 7 in (18 cm) STL and semi-arboreal in habit. When exited, the mostly brown males turn green with a dark stripe running from eye to shoulder.


For information on the following species, see the Agamidae: Japalura page at the TIGR Reptile Database.


J. andersoniana 
J. brevipes 
J. chapaensis 
J. dymondi 
J. fasciata 
J. flaviceps 
J. grahami 
J. hamptoni 
J. kaulbacki 
J. kumaonensis 
J. luei 
J. major 
J. makii 
J. micangshanensis 
J. planidorsata 
J. polygonata 
J. polygonata polygonata, J. p. ishigakiensis. Okinawan (Sakishima) tree lizard.
J. sagittifera 
J. splendida 
J. swinhonis 
J. tricarinata 
J. varcoae 
J. variegata 
J. yunnanensis


courtesy to :

Neon tree dragon is a common name used in the pet trade for a variety of small agamid lizards from southeast Asia.  Agamid lizards are an Old World family of lizards that include bearded dragons and uromastyx lizards  , In 2010, neon tree dragon refers to Japalura splendida which is pictured above.  Its adult size is 10 to 12 inches total length.  In the past, this was sometimes used

for Calotes versicolor. All of the lizards sold as "neon tree dragons" are very territorial and easily stress in crowded conditions. for Calotes versicolor.


    All of the lizards sold as "neon tree dragons" are very territorial and easily stress in crowded conditions.  They do best housed with no more than 2 dragons per 20 gallon tank with at least one hiding spot (such as a hollow piece of cork) and one bright basking spot per lizard. Lots of plastic plants or live plants are needed to break up the sight lines so the lizards can hide from each other easily.


In addition to a basking spot that hits 90-95°F during the day, neon tree dragons need strong UVB light for at least 10 hrs a day or else they readily develop nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism (a form of metabolic bone disease).  They also need high humidity and frequent spraying as they only drink from droplets.  If they do not get enough humidity, they will retain shed skin (as may be seen on the tip of the nose of the dragon at the top of this page).  However, they also need plenty of fresh air or else they develop skin infections.



They do best with crickets no longer than the space between the dragon's eyes. Some will eat waxworms.  It is important to dust the insects at every meal with a calcium supplement containing D3 such as Zoomed's Calcium with D3 and a once a week dusting with a multivitamin containing pure vitamin A such as Zoomed's Reptivite.

This neon tree dragon has a broken back as a result of a metabolic bone disease (red arrow). There is also a change in color (blue arrow) showing where there is unshed skin.

Little is known about the long-term care and breeding of Japalura splendida but following the guidelines for green anoles (Anolis carolinensis) is a suggested starting point.


Unfortunately the neon tree dragons are almost always wild-caught imports and suffer from a variety of intestinal parasites and other infectious diseases.  It is extremely important to have your new neon tree dragon checked for parasites by submitting a fresh fecal sample to a veterinarian within the first few days of bringing it home.

Agamidae :  Introduction 

Agamidae Species : Africa  -  Asia  -  Australia & Papua new guinea

 Part 1   Part 2   Part 3   Part 4   Part 5

 Part 1   Part 2   Part 3   Part 4   Part 5

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