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4- The armadillo girdled lizard - Ouroborus ( Cordylus )  cataphractus :

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


The armadillo girdled lizard (Ouroborus cataphractus),[2] also known as the armadillo lizard, golden armadillo lizard or armadillo spiny-tailed lizard, is a girdled lizard endemic to desert areas along the western coast of South Africa.[3] In 2011, it was moved to its own genus based on molecular phylogeny, but formerly it was included in Cordylus.[2][4]



Armadillo girdled lizard

Armadillo girdled lizards in Wuppertal Zoo

Conservation status :




Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)[1]

Scientific classification :







Species:O. cataphractus

Binomial name :

Ouroborus cataphractus
(F. Boie, 1828)

Synonyms[2] :

  • Cordylus cataphractus F. Boie, 1828

  • Cordylus nebulosus Smith, 1838

  • Zonurus cataphractus Gray, 1831

  • Zonurus cataphractus Duméril &Bibron, 1839

Description :


The armadillo girdled lizard can be a light brown to dark brown in coloration. The underbelly is yellow with a blackish pattern, especially under the chin. Its size can range from 7.5 to 9 cm (3.0 to 3.5 in) in snout-vent length (SVL). It may grow to a maximum size of 10.5 cm (4.1 in) SVL.[3]


In captivity :


This lizard used to be common in the pet trade, but no longer. Wild populations are considered threatened and it is no longer legal to collect them for sale in the pet trade.[3][5] They are very rare in the pet trade, and are very expensive when available at all. It can live up to 25 years in captivity, or slightly longer in rarer cases.[citation needed]


Behavior :


It is diurnal. It hides in rock cracks and crevices. It lives in social groups of up to 30[3] to 60 individuals of all ages, but usually fewer.[5] Males are territorial, protecting a territory and mating with the females living there.[5]

Reproduction :


The female gives birth to one[3] or two[5] live young; the species is one of the few lizards that does not lay eggs. The female may even feed her young, which is also unusual for a lizard. Females give birth once a year at most; some take a year off between births.


Diet :


The armadillo girdled lizard feeds mainly on small invertebrates, such as insects and spiders, but sometimes also take plant material.[3][5] In captivity, they are commonly fed crickets. In the wild, its most common prey items are termites, especially Microhodotermes viator[3]Hodotermes mossambicus.[5] It has also been known to eat smaller lizards and rodents.[citation needed]


Defensive behavior :


The armadillo girdled lizard possesses an uncommon antipredator adaptation, in which it takes its tail in its mouth and rolls into a ball when frightened. In this shape, it is protected from predators by the thick, squarish scales along its back and the spines on its tail.[3] This behavior, which resembles that of the mammalian armadillo, gives it its English common name.[3]

For the external links , refrences  click here to read the full wikipedia article 

Video :

The real Cordylus cataphractus


Cordylus cataphractus eating

Ouroborus ( Cordylus ) cataphractus

Breeding behavior of Ouroborus (Cordylus) cataphractus

Cordylus cataphractus baby

Cordylus cataphractus feeding.

Cordylus cataphractus feeding.

Armadillo lizard Ouroborus ( Cordylus ) cataphractus !

Cordylus cataphractus, just a few days old

Ouroborus cataphractus syn. Cordylus relocated.

C cataphractus born 2

C cataphractus born 3

Cordylus cataphractus baby 2



             1- Genus Cordylus  - girdled or Armadillo lizard

             2- Genus Chamaesaura - Grass lizards

             3- Genus Platysaurus - Flat lizards

             4- Genus Pseudocordylus   


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