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The scientific name "Tettigoniidae" is derived from the genus Tettigonia, first described by Carl Linnaeusin 1748. Latin tettigonia means leafhopper; it is from Greek tettigonion, the diminutive of the imitative (onomatopoeic) τέττιξ, tettix, cicada.[3][a]


The common name "katydid" is also onomatopoeic.[5]



Description and lifecycle

The above picture is a grasshopper (probably the biggest I’ve found) and you can clearly see the combs on the backs of the legs that they use for  stridulation.  Grasshoppers also have a slimmer body and shorter antennae.  Katydids have long antennae (sometimes longer than their body) and a more round or robust body shape that usually resembles a leaf, even down to the veins in the leaf.  (See below) Female katydids have a long, upwardly curving egg-laying structure (ovipositor) underneath the abdomen that, in my opinion, looks like a weapon or stinger of sorts.

Introduction , Care and breeding in Captivity : 


What is katydid insect ? 


courtesy to :


Katydid (family Tettigoniidae), also called long-horned grasshopper or bushcricket, also spelled bush cricket, any of about 6,000 predominantly nocturnal insectsthat are related to crickets (the two groups are in the suborder Ensifera, orderOrthoptera) and are noted for their mating calls. Katydids are also known for their large hind legs and extremely long threadlike antennae as well as the thick, upwardly curved ovipositor (egg-laying structure) of the females.


The common true katydid (Pterophylla camellifolia) produces the repetitive song for which katydids are named; the song is phoneticized as “katy-did, katy-didn’t.” However, each species of ... (100 of 824 words)



Grasshopper or Katydid?


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Okay, so what was your guess?  Most of you probably guessed that it was a prehistoric monster but this is actually the Spotted or Mottled Katydid.


Let’s begin by explaining the difference between grasshoppers and katydids.


First of all, both grasshoppers and katydids come from the same “order” called Orthoptera, or “straight wings”, as do crickets.   The katydid and cricket are actually more closely related because of something called ‘stridulation’.  This is what it’s called when these insects make their distinctive noise by rubbing parts of their bodies together.  Grasshoppers and locusts have a row of sharp pegs on the backs of their legs and produce their sound by rubbing these ‘combs’ together.  Katydids and crickets, however, create their sounds by rubbing their wings together.  This entire order of insects, remarkably, are able to hear the sounds from other insects (as when they are looking for a mate) through an ear — or tympanum — located just below the knee on their front leg.  Although certain kinds of grasshoppers can have their ears on the sides of their abdomen.

True Katydid

All straight wings (grasshoppers, locusts, crickets and katydids) have the following features:

-Chewing mouthparts

-Ability to make sounds

-Powerful rear legs for jumping

-Long, thin or short antennae

-Metamorphosis from wingless (nymphs) to winged (adults)

As far as diet goes, grasshoppers feed mainly on grasses (herbivores) but will also eat a variety of other plants.  Katydids, however, will feed on vegetation, pollen and nectar and even other insects (omnivores).  And both serve as meals to a variety of predators…including people.  In some countries grasshoppers are fried, roasted and some are even dipped in chocolate!


Perhaps the most interesting bit of information I found while researching the above Spotted Katydid, was that at different stages of some katydid’s developement or instars (phase between two periods of molting) they actually mimick other insects in their appearance. So, while they are wingless nymphs, some may have the physical attributes of a black ant.  Katydids will go through four nymphal instars lasting about 30-40 days.


So, there’s a quick lesson on how to tell the difference between a katydid and a grasshopper.  And as always, don’t forget to send me pics of your own buggy findings and I’ll post them on the site!



For More information about  How to recognize crickets, katydids, and cicadas:


Follow these below links :









Some Videos : 

The Katydid (Leaf Bug)


True Facts About The Leaf Katydid

Predatory Katydid Vs Green Praying Mantis 

" Katydid " leaf bug insect



courtesy to : 

My Home: I can be found on branches of trees or bushes in North America and other parts of the world. I am most active at night and sing in the evening. There are many species of katydids, commonly found throughout the southern part of the United States.


What I eat: I eat leaves, flowers, the stems,
and fruits of many plants and a few species
of katydids are predators and will eat other insects.


What I look like: I am usually green and range in size by species from 1 to 5 inches. My antennae are two or three times the length of my body.



How I am born: I go through three stages of
development: egg, nymph and adult. My egg is laid
in the fall on plants or in the soil and I hatch in the spring. Once I hatch as a nymph, I look like adults except without wings. I shed my skin (molt) to grow. As an adult I will have developed my wings. My lifespan is about one year from egg to the end of adulthood.


Fun Facts


Katydids get their name from how their
song sounds: "Katy did, Katy didn't." They rub their
wings together to produce their song sound, which serves as part of their courtship. Their ears tympana (hearing organs) are on their front legs.





From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


"Katydid" redirects here. For other uses, see Katydid (disambiguation).

Insects in the cricket family Tettigoniidae are commonly called katydids or bush crickets. More than 6,400 species are known. They are also known as long-horned grasshoppers, to distinguish them from the Caelifera, the true or short-horned grasshoppers. Part of the suborder Ensifera, it is the only family in the superfamily Tettigonioidea.


Primarily nocturnal in habit, with strident mating calls, many katydids exhibit mimicry and camouflage, commonly with shapes and colors similar to leaves.[2]

Male katydid, Scudderia sp

Scientific classification :


Kingdom:   Animalia

Phylum:   Arthropoda

Class:    Insecta

Order:   Orthoptera

Suborder:   Ensifera

Infraorder:   Tettigoniidea

Superfamily:   T  ettigonioidea  , Krauss, 1902

Family:  Tettigoniidae
Krauss,   1902

Some species of bush crickets are consumed by people, like the nsenene (Ruspolia baileyi) in Ugandaand neighbouring areas.


Communication :


The males of tettigoniids have sound-producing organs (via stridulation) located on the hind angles of their front wings. In some species, females are also capable of stridulation. Females chirp in response to the shrill of the males, which sound like, "katy did," which is how they received their name. The males use this sound for courtship, which occurs late in the summer.[10] The sound is produced by rubbing two parts of their bodies together, called stridulation. One is the file or comb that has tough ridges; the other is the plectrum is used to produce the vibration.[11] For tettigoniids, the fore wings are used to sing. Tettigoniids produce continuous songs known as trills. The size of the insect, the spacing of the ridges, and the width of the scraper all influence what sound is made.[12]


Many katydids stridulate at a tempo which is governed by ambient temperature, so that the number of chirps in a defined period of time can produce a fairly accurate temperature reading. For American katydids, the formula is generally given as the number of chirps in 15 seconds plus 37 to give the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit.


Predation : 


Some tettigoniids have spines on different parts of their bodies that work in different ways. Listroscelinae is an example of one that has limb spines on the ventral surface of their body. This works in a way to confine their prey to make a temporary cage above its mouthparts. The spines are articulated, comparatively flexible, but relatively blunt. Due to this they are used to cage and not penetrate the prey’s body. Spines on the tibiae and the femora are usually more sharp and nonarticulated. They are designed more for penetration or help in the defensive mechanism they might have. This will usually work with their diurnal roosting posture to maximize defense and prevent predators from going for their head.[13]


Defense mechanisms ;


When tettigoniids go to rest during the day, they go into a diurnal roosting posture to maximize its cryptic qualities. This position fools predators into thinking the katydid is either dead or just a leaf on the plant. Various tettigoniids have bright coloration and black apical spot on the inner surface of the tegmina, and brightly colored hind wings. By flicking their wings open when disturbed they use the coloration to fool predators into thinking the spots are eyes. This in combination with their coloration mimicking leaves allows them to blend in with their surroundings, but also makes predators unsure which side is the front and which side is the back.[14]

Grey bush-cricket (Platycleis albopunctata) male

Description :


Tettigoniids range in size from as small as 5 to as large as 130 mm.[6] The smaller species typically live in drier or more stressful habitats which may lead to their small size. The small size is associated with greater agility, faster development, and lower nutritional needs. Tettigoniids are tree-living insects that are most commonly heard at night during summer and early fall.[7] Tettigoniids may be distinguished from the grasshopper by the length of their filamentous antennae, which may exceed their own body length, while grasshoppers' antennae are always relatively short and thickened.




The lifespan of a katydid is about a year, with full adulthood usually developing very late. Females most typically lay their eggs at the end of summer beneath the soil or in plant stem holes. The eggs are typically oval-shaped and laid in rows on the host plant. The way their ovipositoris formed relates to its functional adaptability in the areas which it lays eggs. The ovipositor is an organ used by insects for laying of eggs. It consists of a maximum of three pairs of appendages formed to transmit the egg, to prepare a place for it, and place it properly. Tettigoniids have either sickle-shaped ovipositors which typically lay eggs in dead or living plant matter, or uniform elongated ovipositors which lay eggs in grass stems. When tettigoniids hatch, the nymphs often look like smaller versions of the adults, but in some species, the nymphs look nothing at all like the adult and rather mimic other species such as spiders and assassin bugs, or flowers, to prevent predation. The nymphs remain in a mimic state only until they are large enough to escape predation. Once they complete their last molt, they are then prepared to mate.[7]

Distribution :


Tettigoniids are found on every continent except Antarctica.[8] The vast majority of katydid species live in the tropical regions of the world.[2] For example, the Amazon basin rain forest is home to over 2000 species of katydids.[2] However, katydids are found in the cool, dry temperate regions, as well, with about 255 species in North America.

Ecology :


The diet of tettigoniids includes leaves, flowers, bark, and seeds, but many species are exclusivelypredatory, feeding on other insects, snails, or even small vertebrates such as snakes and lizards. Some are also considered pests by commercial crop growers and are sprayed to limit growth, but population densities are usually low, so a large economic impact is rare.[9] By observing the head and mouthparts, where differences can be seen in relation to function, it is possible to determine what type of food the tettigoniids consume. Large tettigoniids can inflict a painful bite or pinch if handled, but seldom break the skin.



Reproductive behavior :


The males provide a nuptial gift for the females in the form of a spermatophylax, a body attached to the males' spermatophore and consumed by the female. The function of the spermatophylax is to increase the attachment time of the male's spermatophore and thereby increase his paternity.[15]


Polygamy :


Tettigoniidae have polygamous relationship with one another. The first male to mate is guaranteed an extremely high confidence of paternity when a second male couples at the termination of female sexual refractoriness. This investment functions are a parental paternity. The nutrients the offspring will ultimately receive will increase the fitness. The second male to mate with the female at the termination of her refractory period is usually cuckolded.[16]


Competition  :


The polygamous relationships of the Tettigoniidae lead to high levels of male-male competition. Male competition in the Tettigoniidae species is caused by the decreased availability of males able to supply nutritious spermatophores to the females. Females will produce more eggs on a high-quality diet; thus, the female looks for healthier males will a more nutritious spermatophore. Females will use the sound created by the male to judge the fitness of the male. The louder and more fluent the trill, the higher the fitness of the male.[17]


Stress response :


Oftentimes in species which produce larger food gifts, the female is the individual that seeks out the males in order to copulate. This however is a cost to females as they risk predation while searching for males. There is also a cost-benefit tradeoff in the size of the spermatophore which the male Tettigoniidaes produces. When male Tettigoniidae possess a large spermatophore they benefit by being more highly selected for by females, however they are only able to mate one to two times during their lifetime. Inversely, male Tettigoniidae with smaller spermatophores have the benefit of being able to mate two to three times per night, but have lower chances of being selected for by females. Even in times of nutritional stress, male Tettigoniidae will continue to make invest nutrients within their spermatophore. In some species the cost of creating the spermatophore is low, but even in those which it is not low, it is still not beneficial to reduce the quality of the spermatophore as it would lead to lower reproductive selection and success. This low reproductive success is attributed to some Tettigoniidae species in which the spermatophylax that the female receives as a food gift from the male during copulation increase the reproductive output of the reproduction attempt. However, in other cases, the female receives few if any benefits.[18]


The reproductive behavior of bush crickets has been studied in great depth. Studies conducted in 2010 at the University of Derby by Karim Vahed, Darren Parker and James Gilbert found that the Tuberous Bushcricket (Platycleis affinis) has the largest testes in proportion to body mass of any animal recorded. They account for 14% of the insect's body mass and are thought to enable a fast re-mating rate.[19]


The males provide a nuptial gift for the females in the form of a spermatophylax, a body attached to the males' spermatophore and consumed by the female. The function of the spermatophylax is to increase the attachment time of the male's spermatophore and thereby increase his paternity.[15]



Katydid mimicking a leaf


Front-side view of a mature female Tettigoniid


Katydid eggs

African katydid found in Niassa Province, Mozambique and surrounding region

From Mozambique

African katydid from east Africa

Classification :


  -  Tettigoniidae is a large family and has been divided into a number of subfamilies:


  • Acridoxeninae

  • Agraeciinae

  • Austrosaginae

  • Bradyporinae

  • Conocephalinae

  • Copiphorinae

  • Decticinae

  • Ephippigerinae

  • Hetrodinae

  • Hexacentrinae

  • Lipotactinae

  • Listroscelidinae

  • Meconematinae

  • Mecopodinae

  • Microtettigoniinae

  • Phaneropterinae

  • Phasmodinae

  • Phyllophorinae

  • Pseudophyllinae

  • Pseudotettigoniinae

  • Saginae

  • Tettigoniinae

  • Tympanophorinae

  • Zaprochilinae

 -  Genera of uncertain subfamily placement include:


  • Arctolocusta

  • Hermoniana

  • Lithymnetes

  • Triassophyllum

  • Banza

    • Banza nihoa

Notes :


 All of these names such as tettix with repeated sounds are onomatopoeic, imitating the stridulation of these insects.[4]


References  &  External links ( Click to read it on Wikipedia )  



Katydid  :-  Introduction 


Katydid :-   Care 


Katydid :-  Species list 1  ---  Species list 2 

Katydid  :-  Introduction 


Katydid :-   Care 


Katydid :-  Species list 1  ---  Species list 2 

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