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 - Pylaemenes guangxiensis "Taiwan"
(by Bruno Kneubühler)




SuperfamilyBacilloideaBrunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893

FamilyHeteropterygidaeKirby 1896

SubfamilyDataminaeRehn & Rehn, 1939

TribeDataminiRehn & Rehn , 1939

GenusPylaemenesStål, 1875

SpeciesPylaemenes guangxiensisBi & Li, 1994

General Informations

  • originally described by Bi & Li (1994) as Datames guangxiensis

  • synonyms: Dares guangxiensis (Zompro, 2004)

  • only females are known from nature and all captive bred cultures are parthenogenetic too

  • 2009 - first time cultured by Bruno Kneubuehler

  • 2010 - distributed as Pylaemenes guangxiensis "Taiwan


  • my culture stock has been collected in North Taiwan in 2008

  • identification by Yamai S. Huang (Taiwan)


  • sturdy insects - about 5 cm long

  • very nice bark-like structure and colouration from different shades of brown

  • antennae are shorter than the fore legs


  • nymphs accept bramble (Rubus sp.) easily, but adults refuse to feed on it

  • nymphs and adults like cherry laurel (Prunus laurocerasus), a very common and evergreen garden plant

  • nymphs and adults like Salal (Gaultheria shallon)

  • other sources also mention the following foodplants: oak (Quercus sp.),rose (Rosa sp.), Epipremnum (E. aureum) and beech (Fagus sp.)


  • especially small nymphs often hide during the day along the edge of a leave. And here they are in danger of being bitten by adults, which start to feed from the edge of the leaves !

  • therefore it is better to seperate small nymphs and adult specimens

Breeding Notes

  • an easy to breed species

  • incubation on damp sand (not too wet!), with spring tails to reduce mould growth

  • incubation duration at room temperatures (20-23°C)  is about 4 - 6 months

  • hatching ratio is low, only about 10 - 15 % in my culture....

  • after hatching the nymphs remain inactive for quite some time - it can take up to two week before they will start to feed

  • they grow up in a Faunabox (or similar cage) very nicely - also adults can be kept in such a small cage

  • I do never spray them with water - a constantly wet paper towel on the cage floor provids enough humidity

  • it is advisable to cover the container in which the food plants stand with cotton wool - to prevent the nymphs from drowning

  • nymphs as well as adults will feign death when being touched or handled - a very handy species

  • it takes a long time for the females to mature - up to 15 months

  • about 6 weeks after the final moult they will start to lay eggs

  • about 1-3 eggs per week

  • they prefer to lay the eggs in a damp place









- peruphasma schultei :


Peruphasma schultei : 
(by Bruno Kneubuehler)




SuperfamilyPseudophasmatoideaRehn, 1904

FamilyPseudophasmatidae Rehn, 1904

SubfamilyPseudophasmatinaeRehn, 1904

TribeAnisomorphiniRedtenbacher, 1906

GenusPeruphasmaConle & Hennemann, 2002

SpeciesPeruphasma schulteiConle & Hennemann, 2005

General Notes

  • this species has been cultivated successfully for the first time by Oskar Cone and Frank Hennemann (2005). It has been named after Rainer Schulte - a well-known amphibian expert, who found them in Peru

  • breeders who contributed to this care sheet  Oskar Conle, Frank Hennemann


  • Cordillera del Condor, 1200 – 1800m, Northern-Peru

Females, Males

  • females are 7 cm, males 6 cm long

  • both sexes have bright red wings which they display often when handled

Food Plants

  • they feed readily on privet (Ligustrum sp.) and Lonicera cf nitida sp. (which is a common garden plant)

  • Aucuba (Aucuba japonica)  - is well accepted by all stages (Sarah-Jane Dulitz, Germany)


-  mnesilochus capreolus


PSG Number:  169

Subfamily:  Lonchodinae

Locality:   : Philippines.

Reproduction:   :S

Winged:   : -

Female Size:   : 105

Male Size:  :  90

Culture Status:  :  C

Foodplants:   : Bramble, Hawthorn, Raspberry

References:   : (64:5)

Classification:   : Mnesilochus

Lonchodiodes tagalicus



Lopaphus Cuc Phuong - Gem of Sticks Insects

- Lopaphus spec. CUC PHUONG


Lopaphus sp. "Cuc Phuong"
(by Bruno Kneubuehler) 




FamilyDiapheromeridaeKirby, 1904

SubfamilyNecrosciinaeBrunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893

TribusNecrosciiniBrunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893

GenusLopaphusWestwood, 1859

SpeciesLopaphus sp. "Cuc Phuong"(noch nicht identifiziert)

General Notes

  • 2011 – taxonomical aspects of this species are being examined by         Joachim Bresseel (Belgium), and he will also describe this species

  • 2012 - first successful culture by Bruno Kneubuehler

  • 2012 - this species has been distributed as Lopaphus sp. "Cuc Phuong"


  • Joachim Bresseel (Belgium) and Jérôme Constant (RBINS) found this species in July 2011 in Cuc Phuong, Vietnam (No. 66, "Necrosciinae sp. Blue Lopaphus ?, Vietnam, 2011)


  • very nice, medium sized phasmids

  • about 9.5 – 10.5 cm long

  • there are two very different color morphs amongst the females

  • first morph has a blue meso- and metathorax, brown legs, head, prothorax, abdomen (dorally), black areas and a green abdomen (ventrally)

  • second morph has a olive-green meso- metathorax, abdomen; reddish-brown head, prothorax, legs

  • both color morphs have numerous light or white dots on the thorax and abdomen (dorsally)

  • antennae are longer than the forelegs

  • no wings (apterous)


  • very beautiful, thin phasmids

  • coloration is consistent amongst males

  • about 7.5 – 8.5 cm long

  • strongly blue meso- and metathorax

  • thorax and abdomen (dorsally) with numerous, fine light or white dots

  • legs and abdomen are reddish-brown

  • antennae much longer than the forelegs

  • no wings (apterous)


  • about 14 mm (L1)

  • green (L1)

  • as soon as the nymphs start to feed, they become darker green in color

  • by L3, most nymphs are brown-green with many white dots

  • rather hairy legs and antennae

  • antennae already longer than forelegs

  • by L3 it is quite easy to draw a distinction between ♀♂ (by the naked eye)


  • small

  • about 2 x 1.5 mm

  • elongate-oval

  • brown

  • matt

  • surface is net-like structured

  • capitulum is distinctly raised from the egg lid (operculum)

  • micropylar plate is well visible

Food Plants

  • bramble (Rubus sp.)is very well accepted by freshly hatched nymphs, older nymphs and adults

  • bramble (Rubus sp.) - fresh leaves in springis very well accepted by adults (not tested on nymphs)

  • firethorn (Pyracantha sp.) is very well accepted by freshly hatched nymphs (not tested with older nymphs and adults)

  • hazelnut (Corylus avellana) is very well accepted by adults (not tested with nymphs)

  • beech (Fagus sylvatica) is well accepted by adults and older nymphs (not tested with young nymphs)

  • Hypericumpreferred over bramble    (info: Andreas Rolke)


  • nymphs as well as adults behave VERY frantically when tthey feel threatened. Often many will fall to the ground and wriggle about frantically when one is changing the food plants

  • thus it is best to avoid touching them – as far as possible

  • rather active also during the day – thus this species is also great for displays

  • matings are frequent – day and night

  • males do not stay with the same female for a prolonged time


  • incubation time (HH-incubation on slightly damp sand at 20 - 23 °C) is about 5 months  (F1)

  • spread some dried (!) moss over the eggs - this will make it much easier for the nymphs to hatch unscathed and it also reduces mould growth to some extend

  • hatching ratio in F1 was very high (> 50%)

  • males will be adult after about 3.5 months (at 20 – 23°C), females after about 4 months

  • females start laying eggs after about 2 – 3 weeks

  • eggs are flinged away with a swing of the abodmen

  • about 35 – 45 eggs per female and week

  • adults can live for several months

Breeding Notes

  • my general notes on how to breed phasmids are a integral part of this care sheet ...

  • it is very easy to breed this species

  • keep the nymphs in a cage with good ventilation, but take care that the humidity does not drop too low

  • a constantly wet paper towel on the floor of the cage helps raising humidity

  • a humidity level of about 65 % rH seems to be sufficient (no problem if higher)

  • nymphs can be kept in a Faunabox (or similar cages)

  • move nymphs to a bigger cage as they grow bigger

  • a cage of at least 30 x 30 x 30 cm should be provided for 3 - 4 couples of this species (or considerably larger if the cage also contains other species !)

  • generally I advise to keep different phasmid species seperately (unfortunately, overcrowed cages are still very common ...)

  • I have never sprayed nymphs or adults (or their cage) with water

  • make shure that nymphs, which are about to undergo their adult moult, do not find places in the cage which would not offer them enough space beneath to moult successfully


Other Species : 

-  Dares Philippinensis :


PSG Number:   331

Subfamily:   Dataminae

Locality:   Palawan Island, Philippines

Reproduction:  S

Winged:   -

Female Size:   43

Male Size:   32

Culture Status:   C

Foodplants:   Bramble

Breeding Notes

  • this is one of the most beautiful species in culture today

  • small sized, yet easy to breed at room temperatures

  • egg take 3-4 months to hatch and nymphs grow up in about 5 months

  • do not keep the eggs very humid, they do not suffer if kept dry for a short time. They will even hatch when kept totally dry

  • an airy, well ventilated cage with dry paper on the ground is best

  • do not keep this species in high humidity

  • you may provide them with a cup of water, filled with paper tissue for them to drink water

  • they do well even in small cages

  • there is some chance that nymphs and adults will drown in the container for the food plants – therefore cover the container with cotton wool

  • warning - this species can spray a defensive liquide from glands just behind the head when handled. This liquid irritates the eyes for a short while, not really harmful but better to avoid it (I have made the experience myself)







Black Beauty (Peruphasma schultei) stick insect

Stabschrecke Peruphasma schultei, Peruvian Black Beauty Stick Insect

Terrarium - Feeding, care sunny stick insect, sungay stick insect (Sungaya inexpectata)

Ramulus nematodes 


Ramulus nematodes  „blue“
(by Bruno Kneubuehler)





Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893

TribeClitumniniBrunner von Wattenwyl, 1893

GenusRamulusSaussure, 1862

SpeciesRamulus nematodesHaan, 1842

General Notes

  • Haan described this species as Phasma (Bacteria) nematodes in 1842

  • 2005 - first successful culture of this species by Harald Lamprecht (Switzerland)

  • 2008 - distributed as Ramulus nematodes "blue" to other breeders

  • thanks a lot to the following breeders for their contribution:  Harald Lamprecht

  • sometimes this species is also called Baculum nematodes, which is a synonym


  • Khao Lak (Thailand) – beside a street towards Pucket


  • typical, wingless stick insects. They can grow quite big (14 – 16,5 cm), thus they are bigger than the R. nematodes variation with red males

  • on their head are two big, brown lobe-like expansions

  • short feelers, only 1 – 1,5 cm long

  • colour is ranges from brown to green


  • typical, wingless stick insects. They are very thin, especially the legs, and grow to about 10 cm. Thus they are also bigger than the R. nematodeswith red males

  • beautifully coloured when adult. The body is blue, while the legs are brown

  • short feelers – about 3 cm long


  • very flat eggs, brown in colour - about 6 x 2 mm

  • incubate them at room temperatures (18°C to 25°C) on a damp substrate - e.g. sand. Incubation time is around 4 months

Food Plants

  • nymphs as well as adults will feed easily on bramble. In summer you can offer them also other Rosaceae (raspberry, rose) - and they like oak

Breeding Notes

  • an easy to breed species – still they need some basic care

  • phasmid breeders should be careful enough, as not to mix up R. nematodes cultures which originate from different locations !

  • keep the nymphs in smaller cages and transfer them to bigger cages – appropriate to their size – as the grow bigger

  • this is a fragile species, therefore one should take care that there are not too many specimens in the same cage

  • I do never spray nither nymphs nor adults, but I keep them in a fairly humid cage with wet paper towel on the bottom. That is enough to keep the humidity high enough, also for them to moult successfully






Ramulus nematodes blue

sungaya inexpectata


Click on the link below for more information :




- Trachyaretaon carmelae


Trachyaretaon carmelae PSG255


Press here for more information : 





Stick Insects keeping ...


Stick Insects Species ... Part 1  ..  Part 2  ..  Part 3 

Trachyaretaon carmelae



Stick Insects keeping ...


Stick Insects Species ... Part 1  ..  Part 2  ..  Part 3 

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